Goal Sixteen: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

At the Rio+20 Conference in 2012, countries reaffirmed the importance of including freedom, peace, security and respect for human rights in the new development framework which will form the Millennium Development Goals. They also stressed the need for societies where justice and democracy prevail in order to achieve sustainable development. Goal 16 of the SDGs is dedicated to the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, the provision of access to justice for all, and building effective, accountable institutions at all levels.

Overview of some indicators

Number of victims of intentional homicide (per 100,000 population)
Proportion of childern under five years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority
Existence of independent national human rights institutions in compliance with paris principles

The Political System 

Bahrain’s political system is built on a solid democratic base; its constitution enshrines many articles that align with the core principles of SDG 16 (Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions). These include the democratic system of government (Article 1), which rests on a separation of the legislative, executive, and judicial authorities.

The Council of Representatives 

The Council of Representatives, a key part of the Legislative Authority, plays a pivotal role in the legislative process. The elected Council contributes to ongoing constitutional and political reform in Bahrain, enforcing the separation of powers.

The Judicial System 

The Kingdom continues to enhance the judicial system to ensure justice and efficiency. It has implemented alternative penalties for convicts, including the launch of the open prisons program in 2023 which serve as a rehabilitation approach that promotes the reintegration of prisoners into society. The sector underwent a full digital overhaul of civil and Sharia litigation services in 2020, and court administration has been transferred to an all-inclusive digital platform, providing streamlined processes across all litigation stages.

Anti-Corruption Efforts 

The Kingdom has made significant strides in its efforts to combat corruption and promote transparency. Bahrain involves all members of society in the fight against corruption by holding regular national campaigns and via the national anti-corruption hotline, ‘Nazaha 992’, which was launched on International Anti-Corruption Day in 2009. The Kingdom has enacted laws such as the Anti- Corruption Law and the Money Laundering Law, which provide a strong legal foundation for combating corruption and money laundering activities. Additionally, Bahrain has signed international conventions, including the United Nations Convention against Corruption, demonstrating its commitment to international cooperation in the fight against corruption.

Goal One: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Goal Two: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
Goal Three: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all age
Goal Four: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
Goal Five: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Goal Six: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Goal Seven: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Goal Eight: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Goal Nine: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
Goal Ten: Reduce inequality within and among countries
Goal Eleven:  Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Goal Twelve:Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Goal Thirteen: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts[b]
Goal Fourteen: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
Goal Fifteen: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Goal Sixteen: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Goal Seventeen: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development
SDGs Bahrain

Page Last Updated: 25 July, 2023