Goal Fourteen: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation. Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future.

Overview of some indicators

Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels
Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas

Legislative Protection 

The Environment Law No. (7) for the year 2022 aims to protect the environment and its sources from all activities and practices causing pollution. Furthermore, under Bahrain’s national CITES legislation Law No. (5) of 2021, the Kingdom introduced licensing programs for endangered wild species that contribute to combating their smuggling and trafficking, in cooperation with the security services and customs at land, sea, and air borders, in addition to strengthening the control program on markets and land and sea environments. Bahrain has seven protected areas (six of which are marine areas) considered important to marine life, including Najwat Bulthama; one of Bahrain’s most vibrant coral beds. Seasonal fishing was introduced for certain species of fish and shellfish to protect their population numbers. Bahrain has protected several species of fish from the threat of fishing and unlawful capture such as dolphins and some species of sharks.

Marine Biodiversity 

Marine Biodiversity The Kingdom of Bahrain announced, in 2021, its commitment to quadruple the mangrove coverage across coastal areas by the year 2035, part of its plan to achieve net-zero by 2060 and preserve marine life. In June 2023, His Royal Highness the Crown Prince and Prime Minister announced the doubling of the previously announced target of planting 230,000 mangroves in 2023 to 460,000, in an effort to further accelerate the plans. In 2022, Bahrain successfully planted 110,000 mangroves. Efforts have continued throughout 2023, with the 100,000-mangrove seeding planted in May.

Goal One: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Goal Two: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
Goal Three: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all age
Goal Four: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
Goal Five: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Goal Six: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Goal Seven: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Goal Eight: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Goal Nine: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
Goal Ten: Reduce inequality within and among countries
Goal Eleven:  Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Goal Twelve:Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Goal Thirteen: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts[b]
Goal Fourteen: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
Goal Fifteen: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Goal Sixteen: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Goal Seventeen: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development
SDGs Bahrain

Page Last Updated: 25 July, 2023