Goal Eleven: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

Cities are hubs for ideas, commerce, culture, science, productivity, social development and much more. At their best, cities have enabled people to advance socially and economically. However, many challenges exist to maintaining cities in a way that continues to create jobs and prosperity while not straining land and resources. Common urban challenges include congestion, lack of funds to provide basic services, a shortage of adequate housing and declining infrastructure. The challenges cities face can be overcome in ways that allow them to continue to thrive and grow, while improving resource use and reducing pollution and poverty. The future we want includes cities of opportunities for all, with access to basic services, energy, housing, transportation and more.

Overview of some indicators

Proportion of urban population living in slums
Existence national and local disaster risk reduction strategies
Municipal solid waste collection coverage

Housing, Urban Planning and Innovative Programs 

Bahrain’s housing strategy, in accordance with the New Urban Agenda issued by UN-HABITAT has moved towards smart cities, whereby urban areas can become more efficient, livable, and sustainable in the short and long term. The Government of Bahrain delivered on its commitment to provide 40,000 housing units to citizens, between 2013 and 2022, through the construction of five new cities, financed through the GCC Development Program and through partnership with the private sector; namely: Salman City, Khalifa City, East Hidd, East Sitra and Al Ramli. Bahrain’s housing sector has been at the forefront of the public-private partnership model of economic development. Under the social housing financing program ‘Mazaya’, Bahraini citizens can secure subsidized loans to purchase fully built homes, where the subsidy is means-tested and designed to offer the largest support to those with limited means.


The new Bahrain International Airport, opened in 2021, was built with sustainability as a primary goal, and in a manner consistent with Bahrain’s renewable energy and energy efficiency action plans. The terminal has received numerous sustainability awards, including the ACI Green Airports Recognition Silver Award 2023, that recognizes Bahrain Airport's sustainable initiatives, focusing on energy efficiency, waste management, and reducing carbon emissions in its operations.

Preserving Culture and Heritage 

Bahrain has three UNESCO World Heritage sites that are integrated with its tourism offering through the efforts of the Bahrain Authority for Culture and Antiquities: Qal’at Al-Bahrain, a medieval fort; the Pearling Trail, which is a series of buildings and sites that tell the story of Bahrain’s pearling industry; and the Dilmun Burial Mounds, that date back to around 2000 BC and the Early Dilmun Civilization.

Goal One: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Goal Two: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
Goal Three: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all age
Goal Four: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
Goal Five: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Goal Six: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Goal Seven: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Goal Eight: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Goal Nine: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
Goal Ten: Reduce inequality within and among countries
Goal Eleven:  Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Goal Twelve:Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Goal Thirteen: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts[b]
Goal Fourteen: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
Goal Fifteen: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Goal Sixteen: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Goal Seventeen: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development
SDGs Bahrain

Page Last Updated: 25 July, 2023