Goal Thirteen: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts[b]

The greenhouse gas emissions from human activities are now at their highest levels in history. Climate change is now affecting every country on every continent. It is disrupting national economies and affecting lives, costing people and communities. People are experiencing the significant impacts of climate change, which include changing weather patterns, rising sea level, and more extreme weather events. Without action, the world’s average surface temperature is projected to rise over the 21st century and is likely to surpass 3 degrees Celsius this century. Given the impact of climate change on economic development, natural resources and poverty; its treatment has become a complex element in the achievement of sustainable development. It is an issue that requires solutions that need to be coordinated to change the climate inexpensively. Progress achieved during the past decades is compounded due to this phenomenon.

Overview of some indicators

Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters
Bahrain adopt and implement national disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030

Net Zero 

Bahrain has embarked on a significant journey towards mitigating the effects of global climate change and achieving SDG 13 by announcing its commitment to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2060, as announced by His Royal Highness Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, the Crown Prince and Prime Minister, during the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow.

Legislative Infrastructure 

The Environment Law No (7) for the year 2022 addresses the environment through a multifaced approach that is not only relevant to SDG 13 (Climate Action), but to others as well such as SDG 14 (Life Below Water) and SDG 15 (Life on Land). The law’s main objective is to protect the environment from various harmful activities, to prevent and address pollution, and to preserve natural resources. It also grants the Supreme Council for the Environment the legal mandate to conduct studies, assess projects, and develop policies in the context of environmental protection. One of the key features of the Law is that it sets the necessary provisions for the establishment of a fund for environmental protection and development.


To bolster its climate action efforts, the Supreme Council for Environment is developing a comprehensive and multistep Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) System that will track the national greenhouse gas inventory and the progress in achieving national emission reductions, as well as adaptation action.


As a low-lying island state in an arid region, Bahrain is particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts. To address this, Bahrain has developed the ‘National Adaptation Investment Plan (NAIP)’, which serves as a blueprint for enhancing resilience in the Kingdom’s most vulnerable sectors, namely agriculture, water, biodiversity/ecosystems and urban development. Through a variety of projects, it aims to effectively tackle challenges such as rising sea levels, water scarcity, extreme temperatures, and food security.

Monitoring Climate Impacts 

A nationwide sea-level rise study that assessed the potential of flood inundation under different climate scenarios culminated in a proposal of over 190 physical interventions to collectively protect homes, commercial premises, cultural and religious assets. A key outcome has been the creation of a ‘Tidal Atlas’, that comprises a digital terrain of the Kingdom, and the ability to stress test vulnerabilities under different future scenarios and adjust a multitude of assumptions and variables as new data becomes available in the future.

Goal One: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Goal Two: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
Goal Three: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all age
Goal Four: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
Goal Five: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Goal Six: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Goal Seven: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Goal Eight: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Goal Nine: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
Goal Ten: Reduce inequality within and among countries
Goal Eleven:  Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Goal Twelve:Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Goal Thirteen: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts[b]
Goal Fourteen: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
Goal Fifteen: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Goal Sixteen: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Goal Seventeen: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development
SDGs Bahrain

Page Last Updated: 25 July, 2023