Goal One: End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Poverty is more than the lack of income and resources to ensure a sustainable livelihood. Its manifestations include hunger and malnutrition, limited access to education and other basic services, social discrimination and exclusion as well as the lack of participation in decision-making. Economic growth must be inclusive to provide sustainable jobs and promote equality.

Overview of some indicators

Proportion of population living below the national poverty line
Proportion of the population living in households with access to basic services
Proportion of total government spending on essential services (education, health and social protection)

Social Support Programs 

Bahrain offers a range of subsidies for citizens, including electricity and water services, gasoline, and flour, with the latter two available to all residents and visitors. The Government implements direct cash subsidies to eligible individuals, ensuring targeted financial support. This includes providing social security to individuals and families under 11 categories, including those unable to work, widows, the elderly, and families in need. Furthermore, the government provides a cost-of-living allowance to all Bahraini retirees, a disability allowance for eligible citizens, a rental allowance for families that have been waiting for more than five years after submitting a housing application, means-tested financial support for low-income persons, and a compensation subsidy on meat to all registered families.

Better Living through Employment 

Under the National Employment Program, launched in 2019, the amount of unemployment compensation offered to first time Bahraini job seekers was increased, as was the compensation period for unfair dismissal, from six to nine months. The Ministry of Labour, which reviews unemployment cases, also provides training for the unemployed and assists in finding suitable job opportunities.

Entrepreneurship and Economic Empowerment 

In 2021, the Kingdom launched the ‘Khatwa’ program for home-based businesses; a free-of-charge alternative to families, registered with the Ministry of Social Development, to start and register their projects if they are not able to obtain a commercial registration. The program is open for various activities including photography, handcrafts, and online advertising, and aims to regulate the market, provide support and financing to beneficiaries, and protect consumer rights. The Family Microfinance House provides microfinance loans for low-income groups, without bank guarantees, assisting them to establish income generating projects. Her Royal Highness Princess Sabeeka’s Award for Productive Families is an annual opportunity to showcase the work of productive families and encourage their role in advancing social and economic development.

Goal One: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Goal Two: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
Goal Three: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all age
Goal Four: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
Goal Five: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Goal Six: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Goal Seven: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Goal Eight: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Goal Nine: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
Goal Ten: Reduce inequality within and among countries
Goal Eleven:  Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Goal Twelve:Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Goal Thirteen: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts[b]
Goal Fourteen: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
Goal Fifteen: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Goal Sixteen: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Goal Seventeen: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development
SDGs Bahrain

Page Last Updated: 25 July, 2023