Goal Six: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

Clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in. There is sufficient fresh water on the planet to achieve this. But due to bad economics or poor infrastructure, every year millions of people, most of them children, die from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene. Water scarcity, poor water quality and inadequate sanitation negatively impact food security, livelihood choices and educational opportunities for poor families across the world. Drought afflicts some of the world’s poorest countries, worsening hunger and malnutrition.

Overview of some indicators

Proportion of population having access to safely managed sanitation services
Proportion of wastewater safely treated
Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services

National Water Strategy 2030 

The Government of Bahrain approved the National Water Strategy 2030 in 2018, in line with the GCC Unified Water Strategy (2016-2035), which aims to ensure the effective management of water resources and provide sustainable water supplies of the required quality for the various economic sectors in order to boost sustainable development. The National Water Strategy relies on three main pillars: promoting coordination among various water-related bodies, following up and monitoring of the implementation of activities, programs, and services and increasing awareness.

Infrastructure Development 

The Kingdom has worked to both increase the level of drinkable and clean water supply and enhance its capacity to develop sanitation services and treatment of water. The Al Dur Phase 2 power plant, completed in partnership with the private sector, has the capacity to produce 227 thousand cubic meters of desalinated water per day. The Electricity and Water Authority (EWA) has launched a tender to consult on the Al Dur Phase 3 plant, which will target a desalinated sea water output of 227 thousand cubic meters per day. The water transportation network has also been expanded from 150 kilometers in 2002 to 618 kilometers in 2022. Similarly, the storage capacity was increased from 87 tanks to 164 tanks in 2022. The development of the water supply networks over the years has resulted in reaching a storage capacity of 2.6 million cubic meters that would meet the demand for water, under normal conditions, for over 4 days in the event of a complete shutdown of all plants.

The Water Resources Management Unit 

In October 2018, Bahrain was granted approximately USD 2.3 million by the Green Climate Fund for a project entitled “Enhancing climate resilience of the water sector in Bahrain”. The Supreme Council for Environment established the Water Resources Management Unit (WRM), which facilitates four activities under the project: Establishing a knowledge management platform for climate change impacts on Bahrain’s water sector to facilitate improved water demand management, building the institutional capacity of the water resources council to establish and operate a climate resilient integrated water resources management (IWRM) framework in a cross-sectoral manner, promoting water conservation technologies and practices at household and farm level, and producing guidelines for rainwater harvesting and greywater recycling.

Public Awareness 

The Kingdom is invested in reducing water consumption through daily monitoring of accounts’ consumption, notifying account holders in the case of any unusual hikes, which may be the result of leaks or over consumption. The Electricity and Water Authority has launched several awareness campaigns to encourage water conservation.

Goal One: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Goal Two: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
Goal Three: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all age
Goal Four: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
Goal Five: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Goal Six: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Goal Seven: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Goal Eight: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Goal Nine: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
Goal Ten: Reduce inequality within and among countries
Goal Eleven:  Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Goal Twelve:Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Goal Thirteen: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts[b]
Goal Fourteen: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
Goal Fifteen: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Goal Sixteen: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Goal Seventeen: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development
SDGs Bahrain

Page Last Updated: 25 July, 2023